New Mexico Divorce FAQs:
Steps To File Your Own Divorce:
Step 1: Download our free online divorce forms kit.
Step 2: The person who is deciding to file for divorce must complete all of the required divorce forms. The finished divorce papers must then be filed with the family court in the state where you reside. You can get divorced in a state other than the state you were married in as long as you meet the residency requirements for the state where you are going to file your divorce. You will also be required to pay a filing fee for your complete divorce forms. The fee to file for divorce varies from state to state. Check with your local family court to get the exact cost to file for divorce in your state.
Step 3: The spouce that files for divorce must notify the other spouse that you have filed for divorce by using the divorce forms included in our download.
Step 4: You and your spouse should outline in your divorce settlement agreement the terms you have agreed upon and set forth for one another such as child custody and support, property and asset division, spousal support, etc.
Step 5: After you have completed all of the required divorce forms and have filed them in divorce court, the court will review your divorce documents and issue you a final decree of divorce.
A judgement of dissolution of marriage may be granted in the State of New Mexico on the following grounds:
1. Cruel and inhuman treatment; 2. Adultery; 3. Abandonment; 4. Incompatibility due to discord or conflict of personalities such that the legitimate ends of the marital relationship are destroyed preventing any reasonable expectation of reconciliation. 40-4-1
Residency Requirements At least one of the parties to the dissolution of marriage action must have been a resident of the State of New Mexico for at least six months immediately prior to the filing of the petition for divorce and must have a domicile in New Mexico. 40-4-5
name of court and title of action/parties An action for dissolution of marriage is filed in the District Court. The title of the action initiating the dissolution proceeding is a Petition for Dissolution of Marriage, while the title of the action granting the dissolution is referred to as the Decree of Dissolution of Marriage. Where to File- Venue The petition for dissolution of marriage may be filed in the county where either party resides. 40-4-4
Legal separation Whenever the husband and wife have permanently separated and no longer live or cohabit together as husband and wife, either may institute proceedings in the district court for a division of property, disposition of children or alimony, without asking for or obtaining in the proceedings, a dissolution of marriage. 40-4-3.
Property Division Upon granting a decree of dissolution of marriage, the court in New Mexico will set aside to each spouse that party's separate property and distribute the community and quasi community property among the parties and the court deems equitable and just. 40-4-7 Alimony Either party to a dissolution action in New Mexico may be ordered to pay alimony to the other spouse as the court deems just and proper, after consideration of the following factors:
1. The age, health and means of support of the parties; 2. The current and future earnings and earning capacities of the parties; 3. The good faith efforts of the parties to maintain employment or become self-supporting; 4. The reasonable needs of the parties; 5. The duration of the marriage; 6. The amount of property awarded to the respective parties; 7. The type and nature of the parties respective assets and liabilities; 8. Income produced by property owned by the parties; 9. Any marital agreements entered into by the parties. 40-4-7
Arbitration/mediation The parties to a divorce action may stipulate to binding arbitration, and mediation may be ordered by the court in cases involving contested custody issues. 40-4-7.2, 40-4-8 Child custody The court will decide the issue of custody of minor children according to the best interests of the child. Factors the court will consider in determining the child's best interests include:
1. The wishes of the child and the child's parents as to custody arrangements; 2. The interaction and interrelationship of the child with his parents, siblings, and any other person who may significantly affect the child's best interests; 3. The child's adjustment to his home, school and community; 4. The mental and physical health of all parties.
A presumption exists that joint custody is in the child's best interests.
Absent any orders to the contrary, both parents shall have equal access to records pertaining to the child, such as medical, dental or school. 40-4-9.1
Child support A rebuttable presumption exists that the amount of support established by the enacted child support guidelines in the correct amount of child support to be paid. Should the court deviate from the amount established in the guidelines, the judgement must contain a statement of the reasons for such deviation. Medical insurance will also be included in any order of child support if reasonably available to either party. 40-4-11.1, 11.2
name change Any person may petition the court for a change of name. The party seeking the change of name must publish in a newspaper of the county in which the court resides notice of the application for name change. 40-8-1, 2.